Winter Driving and Survival Tips
In addition to the basic safe driving habits we practice all year long — buckling up, driving alert and sober, and driving at a safe and legal speed — there are special precautions that need to be followed during the winter months.
Make sure your car is ready for the season. Have it serviced by a qualified mechanic and be sure that the brakes, battery, exhaust and cooling systems, headlights, fluids, and windshield wipers are all in proper working order. Throughout the winter, keep your gas tank at least half full to avoid gas line freeze.
Keep close tabs on the weather. Avoid traveling, especially alone, if severe weather is threatening. Before taking a trip, inform someone at your destination of your expected arrival time and your route.
Stock your car with basic winter driving equipment and items for emergencies:
- an ice scraper and brush
- a small shovel
- jumper cables
- a tow chain
- a bag of sand or cat litter for traction
- road flares
- a blanket
- a flashlight with batteries
- a brightly colored square of cloth such as a bandanna
- a basic first aid kit
- high energy non-perishable foods
If your car has been outside during a snowfall, brush all the snow off before setting out. Snow left on the front hood will blow into the front vent and cause defrosting problems. It can also melt and re-freeze on the windshield. Snow on the roof will cover the rear window, and snow on the rear deck will blow onto the tail lights. Pay particular attention to cleaning off headlights and tail lights so that other motorists can see you.
Adjust your speed to the conditions and increase your following distance. Remember that bridges and overpasses can be more slippery than other parts of the road. If you begin to skid, remain calm, ease your foot off the gas, and turn the wheel in the direction you want the car to go. If you have an anti-lock braking system (ABS), apply a steady, firm pressure to the brake pedal. Never pump ABS brakes.
If even after following all precautions you find yourself stranded, stay calm and stay put. Your chances of being rescued are greater if you remain in one place. Staying in your car will decrease your risk of frostbite or hypothermia. Run your engine for heat about once an hour (every half hour in extreme cold). Make sure your exhaust pipe is clear to prevent the back up of carbon monoxide. Leave one window slightly open. Tie a piece of brightly colored cloth to your antenna to alert others and aid rescuers.
Source: Minnesota Safety Council